Mantra is a Sanskrit word consisting of the root man "manas or mind" and the suffix tra meaning, tool, hence a literal translation would be "mind tool". Mantras interpreted to be effective as sound (vibration), to the effect that great emphasis is put on correct pronunciation (resulting in an early development of a science phonetics in India). They are intended to deliver the mind from illusion and material inclinations. Chanting is the process of repeating a mantra. Navakar Mantra is the fundamental mantra in Jainism and can be recited at any time of the day. While reciting this mantra, the devotee bows with respect to humans who have cleared their gathi karmas ( Arihants), fully liberated souls (Siddhas), spiritual leaders (Acharyas), teachers (Upadyayas) and all the monks. This is worship of the virtues of all the supreme spiritual people instead of just worshipping one particular person. The Navakar Mantra does not mention specific names of Tirthankaras and Siddhas. Instead, at the time of recitation, a Jain remembers their virtues and tries to emulate them. In this mantra Jains bow down to these supreme spiritual personalities, and therefore, it is also called Namaskar ( show of respect) Mantra.